Editorial: Need to re-formulate the bioinformatics curricula at undergraduate and postgraduate level
Bioinformatics is interdisciplinary of Computer science and Biological science, requires the knowledge of both these broad disciplines. It combines biophysics, statistics, maths, and chemistry to provide software and tools which help in understanding biological data. Computer science and biological science are very different broad disciplines of their own. We have different researchers who specialize either in computer science with a knowledge in biology or in biological science with a knowledge in computational biology. There are not enough scientists who are completely trained in bioinformatics, which leads to difficulty in finding appropriate scientists, researchers, scholars, and graduates in the academia and industry as well. As mentioned in one of the previous articles, both bioinformaticians and bioinformaticists are the main requirements in this field of study. The foundation of becoming a bioinformatician or a bioinformaticist is laid down at the undergraduate and postgraduate level. This brings us down to a question, “what should be the curricula for bioinformatics at the undergraduate and postgraduate level in order to provide well-trained bioinformatics professionals?” This is considered one of the challenges in the field of bioinformatics nowadays .
In the beginning, for the students with a knowledge in both the fields of biology and computers, it is easier to grasp the concepts of bioinformatics but for those students who haven’t any idea about either of these disciplines, it is a bit difficult to work in the same. In most of the universities, students are given an introduction to the databases, tools in bioinformatics and an introduction to computer science. Besides, the basic concepts of bioinformatics, the methods and ideologies must be included in the courses such as the basic evolutionary concepts. Further, instead of just tossing some topics of biology and computer science, the curricula must include these topics by relating to the real world scenarios and problems researchers are trying to resolve.
Besides, there should be more programming courses included in the syllabi such as data management, algorithms, computer languages, advantages, based on the interests of the students. There must be more training courses covering specific topics which could help the students to understand the theoretical concepts, the experimentation involved, and the software constructs available with pros and cons. There should be some workshops organized in the interest of the students to learn the basic and biggest challenges in the field of bioinformatics, the resources available to manage them, and need for new techniques and methodologies utilizing the in-silico resources or developing new ones.
Bioinformatics provides various sources and tools to study and analyze biological data and helps in answering various important questions in the same. The students trying to build their careers in this field must be provided with advanced study and focus on the main objective of the field. This is the time to broaden the horizon with developed concepts related to the real world and how are they applied to solve the existing problems.
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- Wooley J., Lin H., Biology N. (2005). Challenge Problems in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology from Other Reports. National Research Council (US) Committee on Frontiers at the Interface of Computing and Biology. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US).
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Bioinformatics is prediction- and simulation-based: Let’s rephrase the conversation!
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Editorial: Way to go for Bioinformatics, time for re-evaluation of concepts (of education)!!
Although Bioinformatics is a synthesis of broader disciplines, being a new tool around the corner a number of books have surfaced very recently to help tackle the subject in a more methodical way. These books form a foundation of this subject and are therefore referred to by teachers, students, and professionals alike. Some of these books are “almost there” as a standard textbook for a naive, or the quintessential “beginner”.
In this month’s issue, I take this opportunity of coming up with an editorial to discuss some of these books, not by reviewing the books ‘per se‘ but to try and classify them in their merits along the lines of their popularity among masses and peeking into reasons for their popularity.
The criterion for selection of these books is on the basis of what is available in the Indian market and what is recommended by peers. These books are (in the order of their popularity) Bioinformatics and Functional Genomics by Jonathan Pevsner (Wiley-Blackwell, First published November 2003), Bioinformatics: Principles and Applications by Ghosh and Mallick (Oxford University Press, Published 2008), Biological Sequence Analysis by Durbin et al., by Cambridge University Press and Bioinformatics: A Practical Guide to The Analysis of Genes and Proteins by Andreas D. Baxevanis and B.F. Francis Ouellette (Wiley-India Edition, 2006) and finally Bioinformatics by D. Srinivas Rao (Biotech Pharma Publications).
Among these, the book by Jonathan Pevsner is one of the best and popular among Indian Universities due to its finesse, quality of content, and an in-depth coverage of the subject. The entire book is divided into three main sections: Sequence Analysis, Functional Genomics, and Genomics. The book discusses major concepts with decent coverage to help develop an understanding of the subject matter and its conceptual intricacies. The book by Andreas et al. substantiates Pevsner very well by bringing a practical guide to deal with sequence data analysis and phylogeny inference using molecular data. All in all these two books, complete the learning loop very much for an undergraduate course syllabus. However, these books have been surpassed in sale and popularity among Indian students who find the second most popular book by Ghosh and Mallick as a better resource to understand Bioinformatics. The book is undoubtedly lucid, simple and straightforward, to the point and more being a textbook in its flavor and approach with which it heads to tease the subject. Its popularity among masses of different tiers of graduating students and academician needs to be understood from various aspects viz. the amount of peer pressure among Indian University students to perform over learning and having fun with the subject matter. The book is an excellent comprehension of Bioinformatics tools and techniques available to us by various databases and other resource centers and caters to the need of graduate students. However, somewhere between motivating a student to take up the subject as a career option, it is reduced as a shortest possible route to clear an examination and to get on with the life. I have been teaching undergraduates for 4 years now and this is the general trend/belief of the masses.
Introspecting the causes, it occurs to me that it is neither the book (the man’s best friend) at the root cause nor a specific subject. It is the entire mashed up concept of education that is making masses perceive education as a bitter pill. It is not about Indian versus Western Education. It is about what we perceive education to be, the parents or parents to be, the teachers or the teachers to be, the students, the researchers, the educators and the policymakers of education who need to revisit the basic idea of What is the aim and scope of Education? What is the need for higher education? Why do we need to go beyond a basic level of Education, and if at all we need to, to whom should we administer a particular level of education beyond basics? If these questions are not asked or introspected by us now, we run the risk of having highly educated (?) and yet good for nothing people all over the place ruining the sacrosanct meaning of being educated and learned people.
Gladly (or Sadly), the times are so rapidly changing in Indian setup of education at school and higher level that one cannot predict the future of the future generations. The emphasis is more on skill development and career-oriented courses. It might be excellent for an economy as per economist’s projections or market analyzers, but what about the satisfaction of gaining knowledge and subsequently becoming less anxious, more contented, more subtle. Can’t we strike a balance if not anything else? From where and how the balance will be obtained? There are question and points to ponder over and over again…
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The excitement generated by the ‘omics-revolution’ has opened the door for new and innovative research. Whilst bioinformatics is advancing in many fields such as pathology, microbial ecology, agriculture, and medicine, there is room for researchers new to bioinformatics to take some important lessons from a much older field; ecology. (more…)
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Informatics and Biology are two sciences which are as different from each other as possible. One runs on the core concept of variation and another on strict reasoning. But still, these two have combined in a most natural way under the realm of “Bioinformatics”. For a biologist today it’s difficult to imagine a world without all biological databases and further no branch to decipher the huge enigma that it brings. Bioinformatics Review (BiR) journal is a platform to discover the latest happenings in this melting pot of two varied fields. (more…)
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BiR gets to the next level and future prospects of Bioinformatics Review: where do we stand and what now?
A piece of news highly awaited for just arrived on 8th of March, 2016. It was a moment when it was most required and also most unexpected. The news was that BiR has matured to deserve an ISSN (International Standard Serial Number) code. It is great moment for BiR. Team BiR is proud to announce ISSN 2455-6645 (online) accredited to The Bioinformatics Review, an online science e-journal. I would like to re-emphasize our mandate and that is to be a reputed, peer reviewed Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Reporter e-journal for students, teachers and researchers. Eventually, BiR plans to expand its horizons to also publish full length research articles and review papers.
We thank whole heartedly to all our supporters, subscribers, contributors and everyone who has made us believe in who we are and what we can do, and relentlessly reminding us that it will happen. Quintessentially, “Hum Hongey Kaamyaab” (We Will Win) is a perfect depiction of what we went through and what we looked up to in down times. It took more than six months to realize this dream and now that it has happened, we at BiR realize the importance of quality work and of original creations to justify such a high accredition. We, as we have done in past, will strive harder and harder to justify our commitment to society and science without resting. At this juncture, I am reminded of my post-graduation days when I was introduced by my mentor to the field of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology. At that point, all I could get was that it is highly interdisciplinary in nature, very much like Biotechnology but it’s actually much more than that. It is the future of biological sciences where in silico analyses of the data will drive and guide the wet lab experimentation part of biological sciences making it all the more productive and precise and thus efficient. That said, it strikes to me to introduce the basics of this subject to our school going, computer savy, net friendly generation who apparently is more fascinated by technology. To catch them young and train their minds for what they want to do in life would not be a bad idea, and that goes very well for Indian system of education in particular because there is a discord between students opting for medical/biological sciences and ones opting for Non-medical or Non-biological sciences. Bioinformatics, in particular, suffers from this discord as it is an amalgamation of biology with Computers and to a e large extent mathematics. I have seen many of my graduate students getting stuck in Bioinformatics mainly because they streamlined themselves at a very early stage and completely ignored even the basics of higher mathematics at secondary level. This is a major hurdle for taking up Bioinformatics as a career option. It is not that it is too late but the long gap after school leaving haunts them and most don’t dare to fill the gap. This goes equally well for students of Computer sciences and Maths who are good programmers and understand machine language but are deprived of even basics of biology. This discord, in my opinion has been a major cause of bioinformatics lagging as a popular subject in India and can only be resolved by careful informed decision to be made during selection of subjects at Senior secondary level so that there is no looking back later and secondly, by calling for reforms in education system. I am certain that the former resolution can be taken without any further delay while second option is a long term exercise and will takes its own course.
I would appreciate further discussion and feedback on this from our readers. Looking forward to continuous support…
Thanking all the readers and contributors once again…
9th March 2016
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