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Bioinformatics Challenges and Advances in RNA interference

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RNA interference is a post-transcriptional gene regulatory mechanism to down-regulate the gene expression either by mRNA degradation or by mRNA translation inhibition. The mechanism involves a small partially complementary RNA against the target gene. To perform the action, it also requires a class of dedicated proteins to process these primary RNAs into mature microRNAs. The guide sequence determines the specificity of the miRNA. Therefore, the knowledge of guide sequence is crucial for predicting its targets and also exploiting the sequence to create a new regulatory circuit. In this short review, we will briefly discuss the role and challenges in miRNA research for unveiling the target prediction by bioinformatics and to foster our understanding and applications of RNA interference. Continue reading “Bioinformatics Challenges and Advances in RNA interference” »

Recent advances in in-silico approaches for enzyme engineering

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Enzymes are natural biocatalysts and an attractive alternative to chemicals providing improved efficiency for biochemical reactions. They are widely utilized in industrial biotechnology and biocatalysis to introduce new functionalities and enhance the production of enzymes. In order to be proved beneficial for the industrial purposes, the enzymes need to be optimized by applying protein engineering. This article specifically reviews the recent advancements in the computational approaches for enzyme engineering and structural determination of the enzymes developed in recent years to improve the efficiency of enzymes, and the creation of novel functionalities to obtain
products with high added value for industrial applications.
Continue reading “Recent advances in in-silico approaches for enzyme engineering” »

Lipidomics: An overview

in Lipidomics/Softwares/Tools by

Lipids are the essential metabolites in human body performing different functions such as energy storage, endocrine actions, cell signaling, morphogenesis, and so on. Using lipidomics approach, it has become easier to study the lipids species in an organism. Continue reading “Lipidomics: An overview” »

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